Beta‐lapachone inhibits pathological retinal neovascularization in oxygen‐induced retinopathy via regulation of HIF‐1α

Abstract
Retinal neovascularization in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the most common cause of blindness for children. Despite evidence that hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)‐1α ‐VEGF axis is associated with the pathogenesis of ROP, the inhibitors of HIF‐1α have not been established as a therapeutic target in the control of ROP pathophysiology. We investigated the hypothesis that degradation of HIF‐1α as a master regulator of angiogenesis in hypoxic condition, using β‐lapachone, would confer protection against hypoxia‐induced retinopathy without affecting physiological vascular development in mice with oxygen‐induced retinopathy (OIR), an animal model of ROP. The effects of β‐lapachone were examined after intraocular injection in mice with OIR. Intraocular administra…