Nrf2 signaling is Impaired in the Aging RPE given an Oxidative Insult.

Authors: Sachdeva MM, Cano M, Handa JT
Abstract
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) represents the leading cause of blindness in the elderly, yet no definitive therapy exists for early, dry disease. Several lines of evidence have implicated oxidative stress-induced damage to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in the pathogenesis of AMD, suggesting that the aging RPE may exhibit increased susceptibility to cell damage induced by exogenous stressors. The transcription factor Nrf2 serves as the master regulator of a highly coordinated antioxidant response in virtually all cell types. We compared Nrf2 signaling in the RPE of young (2 months) and old (15 months) mice under unstressed and stressed (sodium iodate) conditions. The aging RPE expressed higher levels of the Nrf2 target g…