Farnesyl Binding by AIPL1 [Molecular Bases of Disease]

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Aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein-like 1 (AIPL1) is a photoreceptor specific chaperone of the visual effector enzyme phosphodiesterase-6 (PDE6). AIPL1 has been shown to bind the farnesylated PDE6A subunit. Mutations in AIPL1 are thought to destabilize PDE6 and thereby cause Leber congenital amaurosis type 4 (LCA4), a severe form of childhood blindness. Here, we examined the solution structure of AIPL1 by small angle x-ray scattering. A structural model of AIPL1 with the best fit to the scattering data features two independent FK506-binding protein (FKBP)-like and tetratricopeptide repeat domains. Guided by the model, we tested the hypothesis that AIPL1 directly binds the farnesyl moiety. Our studies revealed high affinity binding of the farnesylated-Cys probe to the FKBP-like d…