DLin-7 Is Required in Postsynaptic Lamina Neurons to Prevent Light-Induced Photoreceptor Degeneration in Drosophila.

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Authors: Soukup SF, Pocha SM, Yuan M, Knust E
Abstract
Inherited retinal degeneration in humans is caused by mutations in a wide spectrum of genes that regulate photoreceptor development and homeostasis. Many of these genes are structurally and functionally conserved in Drosophila, making the fly eye an ideal system in which to study the cellular and molecular basis of blindness [1, 2]. DLin-7, the ortholog of vertebrate MALS/Veli, is a core component of the evolutionarily conserved Crumbs complex [3]. Mutations in any core member of the Crb complex lead to retinal degeneration in Drosophila [4]. Strikingly, mutations in the human ortholog, CRB1, result in retinitis pigmentosa 12 (RP12) and Leber congenital amaurosis, two severe retinal dystrophies [5, 6]. Unlike Crumbs, DLin-7 is …