Recreating a human trabecular meshwork outflow system on microfabricated porous structures

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Abstract
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness, resulting from an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP is the only modifiable risk factor of glaucoma and is controlled by the outflow of the aqueous humor through the human trabecular meshwork (HTM). Currently, the lack of a proper in vitro HTM model impedes advances in understanding outflow physiology and discovering effective IOP‐lowering anti‐glaucoma therapeutics. Therefore, we designed and constructed an in vitro HTM model using micropatterned, porous SU‐8 scaffolds, which support cells to recapitulate functional HTM morphology and allow the study of outflow physiology. The pore size of SU‐8 scaffolds, surface coating, cell seeding density and culture duration were evaluated for HTM cell growth. The bioe…