Prevention of ROP Blindness

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Blindness from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has become a disease no longer confined to the countries that developed neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) more than a half century ago; the vast majority of babies blinded from the disease are cared for in countries where the development of NICUs has become a logical extension of improving medical care. This imposes a burden of blindness on societies that may have limited resources, both human and equipment, and that may, initially at least, have little awareness of the developing problem. The epidemiology of ROP blindness, with emphasis on recent regional changes and on regions that have epidemic proportions of ROP blindness, is highlighted by Zin and Gole in this issue. Also in this issue is a report of the recent World ROP Congress hel…