Oxidative stress and potential applications of free radical scavengers in glaucoma.

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Authors: Aslan M, Dogan S, Kucuksayan E
Abstract
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in industrialized countries and comprises a group of diseases characterized by progressive optic nerve degeneration. Glaucoma is commonly associated with elevated intraocular pressure due to impaired outflow of aqueous humor resulting from abnormalities within the drainage system of the anterior chamber angle (open-angle glaucoma) or impaired access of aqueous humor to the drainage system (angle-closure glaucoma). Oxidative injury and altered antioxidant defense mechanisms in glaucoma appear to play a role in the pathophysiology of glaucomatous neurodegeneration that is characterized by death of retinal ganglion cells. Oxidative protein modifications occurring in glaucoma serve …